By Robin Le Poidevin
In Arguing for Atheism , Robin Le Poidevin addresses the query of even if theism - the view that there's a own, transcendent author of the universe - solves the inner most mysteries of life. Philosophical defences of theism have usually been in response to the concept it explains issues which atheistic ways can't: for instance, why the universe exists, and the way there will be target ethical values. the most competition of Arguing for Atheism is that the opposite is correct: that during truth theism fails to give an explanation for many stuff it claims to. Such an interpretation has been argued for lately by means of 'radical theologians'; Arguing for Atheism is for that reason, a philosophical contribution to 1 of the most important non secular problems with our instances. Designed as a textual content for college classes within the philosophy of faith and metaphysics, this book's obtainable sort and various motives of significant philosophical techniques and positions also will make it appealing to the final reader.
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Extra info for Arguing for Atheism: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion
This question remains, whichever view of the universe we adopt. So we should leave the door open for a causal explanation of both an infinite past world and a closed time world. But, then, what exactly is it, if not the fact that it has a beginning, that makes the existence of the universe mysterious, and that motivates us to look for a cause? One answer is that the existence of a universe is a purely contingent matter. That is, although there is in fact a universe, things might have been otherwise: there might have been no universe at all.
THE TEMPORAL AND MODAL COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENTS How else, then, may we amend the first premise, that everything has a cause? It is certainly true that everything that we can directly observe seems to have a cause of its existence. At least, this is true of clouds, houses, mountains, rivers, and so on. But what is also true is that these things all began to exist at a certain time, and the fact that they began to exist when they did, and not earlier or later, calls for causal explanation. Now, arguably, it is only those things which began to exist at a certain time whose existence calls for causal explanation.
What these have in common is this: they all argue that, if we simply understand what the concept of God involves, if we understand the definition of ‘God’, we must admit that God really exists. We shall look at the original version of the argument, presented by St Anselm, in this section. A more recent version of the argument, which makes explicit use of possible worlds, will be examined in the next section of this chapter. In the Proslogion, Anselm defines God as ‘that than which nothing greater can be conceived’.
Arguing for Atheism: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion by Robin Le Poidevin