Download e-book for iPad: Arctic Oil and Gas: Sustainability at Risk? by Aslaug Mikkelsen, Oluf Langhelle

By Aslaug Mikkelsen, Oluf Langhelle

ISBN-10: 0203893743

ISBN-13: 9780203893746

ISBN-10: 041544330X

ISBN-13: 9780415443302

This booklet analyzes the increasing oil and gasoline actions within the Arctic from the point of view of Sustainable improvement (SD) and company Social accountability (CSR). the point of interest is at the territories of the Arctic rim the place the present and destiny oil and gasoline actions within the Arctic are and may be situated. The publication increases a couple of questions together with how sustainable improvement has been framed within the Arctic and the interplay among indigenous peoples, governments and oil and fuel businesses.

The ebook is split into 3 elements. within the first a part of the e-book, oil and gasoline are approached in the course of the recommendations of sustainable improvement (SD) and company Social accountability (CSR) including the problem of weather swap. the second one half contains case reports from Alaska, Canada, Norway and Russia the place the discourses on oil and fuel within the Arctic are explored and the ultimate a part of the publication attracts jointly the fabric from the rustic reports in a comparative demeanour.

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Sample text

AMAP, 1997: 145) The 2002 AMAP report did not address oil and gas production (AMAP, 2002). The 2006 scientific report focusing on acidifying pollutants, Arctic haze10 and acidification in the Arctic, however, discussed oil and gas activities and marine transport as Arctic sources of acidifying pollutants. The report argued that oil and gas activities are ‘likely to result in increased pollutant emissions’ (AMAP, 2006a: 4). In the policy report (AMAP, 2006b), it was argued that the increase in shipping and the expansion of the offshore oil and gas industry may enhance a number of acidifying pollutants.

The report looked at two sources of pollution: sources remote to the Arctic, and sources found within the Arctic. In short, many sources of persistent organic pollutants were located outside the Arctic. For other contaminants, like heavy metals, two-thirds were originating from industrial activities in the Kola Peninsula. The assessment also included a chapter on petroleum hydrocarbons, which discussed several kinds of pollution associated with oil and gas activities. The chapter concluded that oil spills and chronic releases from poorly maintained pipelines and from ships pose the greatest threat to hydrocarbon contamination.

1 The World Commission defined sustainable development as ‘development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’. This definition, according to the report, contains within it two key concepts: – – the concept of ‘needs’, in particular the essential needs of the world’s poor to which over-riding priority should be given; and the idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environment’s ability to meet present and future needs.

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Arctic Oil and Gas: Sustainability at Risk? by Aslaug Mikkelsen, Oluf Langhelle

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