By Peter Ulvskov
Plant Polysaccharides, a superb new quantity in Wiley-Blackwell’s winning Annual Plant stories sequence, covers the polysaccharides and proteins that shape the basic structure of the plant phone wall, and the genes that encode the mobile equipment that synthesizes them.The quantity makes a speciality of the evolution of the various households of genes whose items are required to make a selected form of polysaccharide, bringing awareness to the explicit biochemical homes of the proteins to the extent of forms of sugar linkages they make.Beautifully illustrated in complete color all through, this unparalleled new quantity presents innovative updated details on such very important issues as phone wall biology, composition and biosynthesis, glycosyltransferases, hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins, enzymatic amendment of plant telephone wall polysaccharides, glycan engineering in transgenic crops, and polysaccharide nanobiotechnology.Drawing jointly the various world’s prime specialists in those components, the editor, Peter Ulvskov, has supplied a landmark quantity that's crucial examining for plant and crop scientists, biochemists, molecular biologists and geneticists. All libraries in universities and examine establishmentswhere plant sciences, agriculture, organic, biochemical and molecular sciences are studied and taught must have copies of this significant quantity.
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Extra resources for Annual Plant Reviews, Plant Polysaccharides: Biosynthesis and Bioengineering (Volume 41)
G. filter paper in vitro) by hydrogen-bonding, especially after drying, but the XGOs mentioned above do not and can readily be washed off paper (even after drying) with water. g. GGGGGG), which have a very high affinity for cellulose. XXFG often contains 6AcGal in place of the Gal in the F unit (the oligosaccharide is then designated XXFG), although the acetyl group can migrate non-enzymically to other positions of the same Gal residue. The acetate groups are stable during digestion with cellulase or XEG, though rapidly removed by NaOH.
Work is in progress (Peña et al. 2007a) to characterize the bryophyte XGOs. Intriguingly, XGOs from the moss Physcomitrella have branched side chains containing acidic sugar residues. Despite these major differences between bryophyte and angiosperm xyloglucans, AIR from cell cultures of the hornwort Anthoceros yields the nonasaccharide XXFG (unpublished observations), a highly specific structure that has evidently been preserved unchanged throughout land-plant evolution. All bryophyte walls investigated contain GalA and Rha, characteristic of pectins, and Driselase digestion yields xylobiose, indicative of xylans.
O-Acetyl groups are also present, especially on the Xyl residues. Xylans can hydrogen-bond to cellulose, though generally more slowly and less strongly than do xyloglucans and MLGs. When cell walls or AIR are digested with Driselase, the xylan backbone is cleaved to yield a mixture containing xylose and xylobiose, the yield of which is a valuable indication of xylan content. Xylobiose is a particularly useful diagnostic fragment which enables assay of xylan – as with isoprimeverose for xyloglucan.
Annual Plant Reviews, Plant Polysaccharides: Biosynthesis and Bioengineering (Volume 41) by Peter Ulvskov