By F. S. Naiden
This is often the 1st book-length therapy of supplication, a huge social perform in historical Mediterranean civilizations. regardless of the significance of supplication, it has bought little consciousness, and no earlier learn has explored such a lot of elements of the perform. Naiden investigates the numerous gestures made through the supplicants, the categories of requests they make, the arguments utilized in safeguard in their requests, and the function of the supplicandus, who evaluates and comes to a decision no matter if to satisfy the requests. different and plentiful resources invite comparability among the societies of Greece and Rome and likewise between literary genres. also, Naiden formulates an research of the ritual in its felony and political contexts. In developing this wealthy and thorough examine, Naiden thought of over 800 acts of supplication from Greek, Hebrew, and Roman literature, paintings, and medical resources. 30 illustrations and a map of the correct destinations accompany the textual content.
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Additional resources for Ancient Supplication
87. Esar. 3-35, Sg. 69–73, in the sample of acts included in appendix 1d. 88. 546 (Ashur-nasir-apli ll). 567. 601. Provincial governor imposed: Sg. 73. 4 Gilgamesh, Humbaba, and Enkidu, but a less supplicatory pose. Courtesy of Preussischer Kulturbesitz. 89 Missing only is some royal gesture to show that the king has given a pledge. 90 Other surrenders differ from supplication because the king does not allow the defeated to take any initiative. Rather than let them approach, he subdues them; rather than let them fall at his feet, he compels them to lie there, and sometimes places his own foot on their necks.
And for the Continent, the websites of the Bibliothèque nationale de France, the Karlsruher Virtuelle Katalog, and the Biblioteche nationali centrali of Rome and Florence. 73. A gamut of Homeric suppliants: possible runaway slave (Philoetius, Od. 222–23), king (Priam, Il. 477–570), priest (Chryses, Il. 12–34), witch (Circe, Od. 323–47), all noticed by Whitfield, The Restored Relation, 64–65. 3–4). 5–6). 74. A sample of Europeans from west to east: Spaniards (App. Hisp. 61), Gauls (Caes. Gal. 5), Britons (Aug.
References to supplication at altars in Psalms do not include references to any given acts, as noted by Traulsen, Das sakrale Asyl, 43, with refs. at n. 145. 85. Letters of Assurbanipal: upn1 petû, “open the fists,” referring to supplication at Asb. 16–17. 8). For these references and for related language for prayer, see Gruber, Nonverbal Communication, chap. 2. 86. 467 (Tukulti-Ninurta II). Kissing feet: Sg. 72. Prostration: Sg. 55. Kneeling: Esar. 5. 87. Esar. 3-35, Sg. 69–73, in the sample of acts included in appendix 1d.
Ancient Supplication by F. S. Naiden