By Lawrynowicz J. (Ed)
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Additional info for Analytic Functions Kozubnik 1979: Proceedings
G. g. g. HCB, PCB's, TCDDFCDF). g. The Netherlands and Sweden, have established p d c u l a r lists for substances that present a serious hazard for human health and the environment. In Germany and Switzerland, the most hazardous VOC are listed as the highest toxicity category with the most stringent emission standards. Maximum emission reductions or minimum emission rates are required for these pollutants. sources (paints) Netherlands guidelines for specific sources -(for 20 VOC’s, PAH, halogenated organics) - risk limits -50% by 2 0 0 compared to 1980 Sweden guidelines for specific sources risk limits for specific VOC -50% by 2000 compared to 1988 + ‘action progrrunines Switzerland 160 pollutants +specsources (paints, printing) Note: -__ (only MIK-values for some hydrocarbons) --- -30% by 2000 compared to 1980 -30% by 1999 compared to 1988 -50% by YKU 1995 compared to 1987 Germany: national reduction targets have been agreed, only, within the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (23 signatory parties of VOC protocol);Nefherlunds: ambient air quality values are set as guidelines ‘and are not legally binding standards.
On metal structures . on wood structures . of buildings . auto refinishing . household use Household products use 133 33 267 131 401 60 133 382 % 4,o 110 7,9 3,9 11,9 13 4,O 11,4 % 46 3 57 12 77 9 33 60 % (*) 38 Metal degreasing Dry cleaning Printing Oil and fat extraction Chemistry, production and processing (rubber, elastomer) Application of glue and adhesive Other TOTAL 442 77 187 67 222 161 659 3 357 100 438 100 23,8 (*) reported to total anthropogenic VOC emissions (except methane) A similar emission inventory is presently underway at European level for the year 1990.
Without entering into the detail of results, it is interesting to keep in mind the following orders of magnitude (without Solvent Management Plans) according to the VOC concentrations to be treated (figure 2) : Y 41 For 2 Vyear treated : from 70 to 210 FF/kg of VOC not emitted For 10 Vyear treated : from 20 to 80 FF/kg of VOC not emitted For 100 Vyear treated : from 4 to 40 FF/kg of VOC not emitted Figure 2 Specific treatment costs in two cases of VOC concentration (0,3 and 10 g/Nm3) 8 30 0 01 1 10 1W 42 These costs concern new installations as well as existing installations ; they do not take into account the fact that, for some solvents (Group A and B of the Annex II), limit concentrations are of 2 to 20 mg/Nm3 and would result in much higher costs.
Analytic Functions Kozubnik 1979: Proceedings by Lawrynowicz J. (Ed)