Download PDF by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life: Analysis of Global Change Assessments: Lessons Learned

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Committee on Analysis of Global Change Assessments

ISBN-10: 0309104858

ISBN-13: 9780309104852

ISBN-10: 0309105455

ISBN-13: 9780309105453

International switch tests tell determination makers concerning the clinical underpinnings of a number of environmental matters, corresponding to weather switch, stratospheric ozone depletion, and lack of biodiversity. Dozens of checks were performed so far via numerous U.S. and overseas teams, a lot of them influencing public rules, expertise improvement, and learn instructions. This file analyzes strengths and weaknesses of 8 prior checks to notify destiny efforts. universal parts of potent checks contain powerful management, broad engagement with and affected events, a clear science-policy interface, and good outlined communique suggestions. The file identifies eleven crucial parts of potent tests and recommends that destiny exams comprise determination aid instruments that utilize details on the nearby and native point the place judgements are made.

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This four-part distinction matches the most common usage in the literature, although other terms have been proposed (Smit et al. 1999; Parson 2003; Farrell et al. 2006; Fussel and Klein 2006; Martello and Iles 2006). Just as these categories of assessments differ in the types of questions they answer, they also differ in the complexity of the analysis necessary to answer those questions. As a result, they may diverge in the approach necessary to enhance salience, credibility, and legitimacy. The committee recognizes that none of the terms used to categorize assessments are wholly satisfactory, that this division does not represent a model that should be applied to all assessments, and that most assessments are hybrids of these ideal types to some degree.

FRAMING A CREDIBLE AND LEGITIMATE PROCESS Framing the assessment process such that it is perceived as credible and legitimate by all relevant stakeholders is a major challenge (Farrell et al. 2001). , Ostrom 1998; Leach and Sabatier 2005) indicate that trust comes from two sources. One is shared values and beliefs. The other is predictable behavior in an environment where deviant behavior is penalized. In general, the scientific community has such shared values and beliefs with regards to the rigor of the scientific process (Merton 1973; Jasanoff 1987).

Further, it requires that the process allows all views to be given serious consideration, with the outcomes determined by thoughtful deliberation under rules seen as acceptable to all participants. Credibility implies that those who have knowledge relevant to the issues at hand participate in ways that allow their knowledge to influence the discussion, either through their direct participation or through consideration of their work. The following questions provide guidance for global change assessments to achieve credibility and legitimacy: • Who has interests at stake in the outcomes of the assessment process?

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Analysis of Global Change Assessments: Lessons Learned by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Committee on Analysis of Global Change Assessments


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