By Antje Wiener
The Theory of Contestation advances serious norms study in diplomacy. It scrutinises the makes use of of ‘contestation’ in diplomacy theories with reference to its descriptive and normative strength. for that reason, severe investigations into diplomacy are carried out in keeping with 3 considering instruments from public philosophy and the social sciences: The normativity premise, the range premise and cultural cosmopolitanism. The ensuing concept of contestation involves 4 major gains, specifically forms of norms, modes of contestation, segments of norms and the cycle of contestation. the speculation distinguishes among the primary of contestedness and the perform of contestation and argues that, if contestedness is authorised as a meta-organising precept of world governance, standard entry to contestation for all concerned stakeholders will increase valid governance within the international realm.
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Additional info for A Theory of Contestation
E. e. universal and normatively given). In turn, the distinction on the horizontal axis notes whether norms are approached from a ‘community ontology’ or from a ‘diversity ontology’. From these cross-references to normativity and ontological preference four central distinctions are notable regarding the functions ascribed to norms: First, the conventional constructivist approach in the first quadrant derives the role and recognition of norms from their community environment and the respective normative order that guides that community.
This complexity defies the norms conception which is derived from the community ontology standpoint. However, in doing so, it opens up new angles of contestation. After all, as the conceptual frontier of normativity is crossed, the likelihood of norm conflict grows. 16 As globalisation has turned border crossing into a more widely and regularly shared practice in 21st century international relations, the right to visit (albeit not the right to stay, or, for that matter, the right to be welcomed or served) other places has become an important pre-condition for entering into interactions with others.
The first stage is identified as the constituting stage of norm generation. At this stage a norm’s formal validity is most likely to be contested. The involved actors are most likely to be constitutive powers or their representatives who bestow formal validity to selected norms by signing inter-national treaties. The second stage is identified as the referring stage. At this stage the social recognition of a norm is most likely to be contested. At this stage any type of agent acting in a societally structured context of a community making habitual reference to common socially recognised norms or rules will refer to norms without contestation.
A Theory of Contestation by Antje Wiener