Download PDF by John Joseph Saunders: A History of Medieval Islam

By John Joseph Saunders

ISBN-10: 0203199766

ISBN-13: 9780203199763

Will not be the phrases "Medieval Islam" a redundancy? whilst has Islam ever no longer been "Medieval"? for instance, which will research the heritage of the "Dark Ages", you may research eighth and ninth century Europe, otherwise you may well examine any Arab kingdom this day that is guided via Islamic principles.

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The life of the Muslim, like that of the Jew, was guided by the Law (shari’a, or path), which being divinely revealed, could never be repealed or modified, and the reforms which the Prophet enacted in the name of Allah in seventhcentury Arabia, are now, thirteen centuries later, a hindrance to the progress of the Muslim nations. The withdrawal of liberty of divorce from women and the use of the veil might be calculated in their day to raise the level of public morality, but they have survived into a different age, along with such ancient institutions as concubinage and slavery, which also received the sanction of the Koran.

This repudiation is known as the Ridda or Apostasy, though in fact many of the tribes involved had never formally adopted Islam. Some had listened to the teaching of rival prophets, of whom several appeared in the last year or two of Muhammad’s life, among them one Musailima, who won a large following in the powerful tribe of Hanifa in central Arabia. Had the disaffected tribes made a concerted attack on Medina, Islam would probably have been destroyed. But united action of this kind was not in their line, and Abu Bakr in this crisis displayed all the marks of a cool and vigorous leader.

The distinction between civil and religious authority was unknown in the Semitic East, and the Koran is both a body of doctrine and a code of regulation. The life of the Muslim, like that of the Jew, was guided by the Law (shari’a, or path), which being divinely revealed, could never be repealed or modified, and the reforms which the Prophet enacted in the name of Allah in seventhcentury Arabia, are now, thirteen centuries later, a hindrance to the progress of the Muslim nations. The withdrawal of liberty of divorce from women and the use of the veil might be calculated in their day to raise the level of public morality, but they have survived into a different age, along with such ancient institutions as concubinage and slavery, which also received the sanction of the Koran.

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A History of Medieval Islam by John Joseph Saunders


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